Demystifying Statistics for Data Analyst Beginners

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Statistics is one of the foundations on which the edifice of data analytics has been erected. To learn data analytics, a sound knowledge of statistics is a prerequisite.  While a basic Data Analytics Course would contain modules that are dedicated to the principles of statistics, advanced courses might assume that the learner already has the essential background in statistics. Some of the principles of statistics that are vital to data analytics are related here. 

Demystifying statistics for data analyst beginners involves breaking down complex statistical concepts into simpler terms and providing practical examples to illustrate their applications. 

Some Basic Principles of Statistics 

Here’s a beginner-friendly overview of some key statistical concepts:

  • Descriptive Statistics

Descriptive statistics summarise and describe the main features of a dataset. Descriptive statistics covers some basic aspects of data analysis and might be a subject taught in university mathematics courses. An introductory Data Analytics Course would cover descriptive statistics in greater detail. Common descriptive statistics include measures of central tendency (mean, median, mode) and measures of dispersion (range, variance, standard deviation). Calculating the average age of customers in a dataset to understand the typical age range.

  • Probability

Probability is the likelihood of an event occurring. It ranges from 0 (impossible event) to 1 (certain event). Probability plays a key role in research and in modern physics.

  • Inferential Statistics

Inferential statistics use sample data to make inferences or predictions about a population. Techniques include hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, and regression analysis. Using a sample of customer data to infer the characteristics of the entire customer base is an example.

  • Hypothesis Testing

Hypothesis testing involves making a statistical inference about a population parameter based on sample data. Common steps include stating null and alternative hypotheses, choosing a significance level, conducting a test, and interpreting results. An example is testing whether a new website design leads to a significant increase in user engagement compared to the old design. 

  • Regression Analysis

Regression analysis examines the relationship between one dependent variable and one or more independent variables. It helps in predicting the value of the dependent variable based on the independent variables. Example: Predicting house prices based on factors like square footage, number of bedrooms, and location.

  • Correlation

Correlation measures the strength and direction of the linear relationship between two variables. It ranges from -1 (perfect negative correlation) to 1 (perfect positive correlation). An example is, determining the correlation between study hours and exam scores among students.

  • Central Limit Theorem

The Central Limit Theorem states that the sampling distribution of the sample means approaches a normal distribution as the sample size increases, regardless of the shape of the population distribution.

It is crucial for making inferences about population parameters. In populous cities like Mumbai or Delhi, demographics play an important role in determining the impact of technology on society. Professionals might find the theories of sampling and data distribution learned by attending a  Data Analyst Course in Delhi or Mumbai handy in their role as data analysts in these cities.


By understanding and applying these fundamental statistical concepts, data analyst beginners can gain insights from data, make informed decisions, and derive meaningful conclusions. Practice and real-world applications are essential for mastering these concepts. A basic course might cover statistics in its curriculum. But if you are a professional working in Delhi or Bangalore and seek to upgrade your skills, you need to enrol for an advanced, professional-level course. Such a professional Data Analyst Course in Delhi or Bangalore would require you to already have a good grip on the basic principles of statistics and might not cover them as part of the curriculum. 

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